There are three main types of cardiovascular disease (CVD): stroke, coronary heart disease and heart failure. Many people think that cardiovascular disease is more likely to be associated with men; however, one type of CVD, coronary heart disease, causes more deaths in women than men in Australia. CVD can occur at any age. However, for most women, the risk of developing CVD increases significantly around the menopause.
There is no one cause for CVD, but there are many factors that can increase your risk of developing CVD. We cannot do much about some risk factors such as age, gender or family history but risk factors that can be reduced through lifestyle include high cholesterol, high blood pressure, overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, smoking, diabetes and depression.
Having regular health checks with your doctor, starting from a young age, is therefore important for your health awareness. Managing your blood pressue, cholesterol, knowing the best types of food to eat, being active and also managing depression and diabetes if you have them are discussed.
About cardiovascular disease
Many people think that cardiovascular disease is more likely to be associated with men; however, one type of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, causes more deaths in women than men in Australia. Cardiovascular disease includes diseases of the heart, veins and arteries. Find out about types of cardiovascular disease and symptoms.
Risks & causes
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women in Australia with 90% of women having one risk factor. The causes including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, weight, depression and family history are discussed.
Symptoms of heart attack & stroke in women
Knowing the symptoms of heart attack and stroke may not only save your life, it may also save the life of another. Symptoms of heart attack in women can be different to men and include pain and pressure in the chest, neck, arm, jaw, shortness of breath, dizziness and a cold sweat. Symptoms of stroke may include blurred vision, numbness, weakness in the arms and impaired speech.
Management & treatment
There are many different ways of managing and treating cardiovascular disease. These include managing your blood pressure, cholesterol, best types of food to eat, being active and also managing depression and diabetes if you have them.
Mental health & emotions
The impact on your emotional wellbeing when you have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease or if you have had a heart attack or stroke can be significant. Managing cardiovascular disease if you are also struggling with depression and/or anxiety can be very challenging and it is important you seek information and help.
Healthy eating, managing your weight, exercise, trying to move more and sit less can all help support your cardiovascular health. Smoking is not great for cardiovascular health, yet often it is one of the hardest things to change; help is out there.
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