Women under 20

Regular health checks and screenings, in combination with a healthy diet and regular physical activity, can help to prevent disease or illness. Recommendations are made for how often you should have a blood pressure, skin and immunisation review.

Below is a list of the tests you should consider having. We have briefly listed what you are testing for, why you need to test and when to test, and for heart and cardiovascular health, the healthy limits for women.

The complete range of medical checks and screening procedures required throughout life will vary for every person, depending on individual risks, medical background and family history. Talk to your doctor about what tests you require to maintain your health.

Heart & cardiovascular health

What Why "Normal" How often
Blood pressure Make sure it's not too high Less than 130/80mmHG Every 2 years
Body mass index (BMI) Measure the best weight for your health 20-25 Every 2 years

Ovaries & uterus health

What Why When How often
Ovarian cancer screening Screen for cell changes indicating ovarian cancer If you are at risk due to family history As your doctor advises

Blood sugar

What Why When How often

Glucose (sugar) check

Testing for diabetes

If you are overweight or at risk of diabetes

Every 2 years

Bladder & bowel health

What Why When How often
Bowel cancer test Screening for bowel cancer If you have a family history of bowel cancer As your doctor advises

Sexual health

What Why When How often
Sexually transmissible infection (STI) check Screening for STIs Before a new partner, or with a change of partner As required
Chlamydia test Screening for chlamydia (STI) If you are sexually active Every year

Skin health

What Why When How often
Skin examination Screening for skin cancer From 18 years onwards Every year

Eyes, ears & dental health

What Why When How often
Eye examination Testing vision and retina health If you are under 20 Every 2 years
Dental examination and cleaning Testing for tooth decay and gum disease If you are under 20 Every year

Mental & emotional health

What Why When How often
Mental health check Testing for anxiety, depression

If you are experiencing symptoms, such as anxiety, irritability or sadness

As needed


What Why When How often
Reproductive health check Looking for factors that may affect the health of mother or baby If you are looking to become pregnant When you are thinking of/beginning to try to conceive

Immunisation review

What Why When How often
Checking your immunity
  • Frequent changes to the influenza virus mean annual influenza vaccination is needed to provide protection against the most recent virus
  • If you are travelling to a country requiring vaccinations

If you have:

  • asthma
  • a chronic disease
  • are at increased risk of exposure


  • Every year for flu
HPV vaccination To protect children from the human papillomavirus (HPV) in adulthood and reduce their risk of cervical, penile, anal and throat cancer. Vaccination Program is administered free through school-based programs to girls and boys aged 12-13.  Two injections in the upper arm 6-12 months apart. Girls and boys aged up to 19 who are not in the eligible school year levels can also obtain two vaccine doses for free from their local immunisation provider or doctor as part of the ongoing program. Those aged 15 or older at the time of their first vaccination require three doses for best protection. 


  1. RACGP, Guidelines for Preventive Activities in General Practice, 9th Edition (May 2018)

  2. http://www.hpvvaccine.org.au/the-hpv-vaccine/how-when-where-vaccine-given.aspx 

Last updated 08 November 2018 — Last reviewed 11 October 2018

This web page is designed to be informative and educational. It is not intended to provide specific medical advice or replace advice from your health practitioner. The information above is based on current medical knowledge, evidence and practice as at October 2018.

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