Vulva, vagina, ovaries & uterus


Vulva is the general name given to the external parts of the female genitals...

What is the vulva?

Vulva is the general name given to the external parts of the female genitals... Find out more →

A total hysterectomy means both the uterus and the cervix are removed. If the ovaries are removed, this is a hysterectomy with oophorectomy.

Hysterectomy

A total hysterectomy means both the uterus and the cervix are removed. If the ovaries are removed, this is a hysterectomy with oophorectomy. Find out more →

Regular Pap smear tests are vital to check on changes to the cells in your cervix and alert you if there are any abnormal cells.

Cervical cancer

Regular Pap smear tests are vital to check on changes to the cells in your cervix and alert you if there are any abnormal cells. Find out more →

Updates:

We have just released a new booklet for women – The vulva: irritation, diagnosis & treatment (PDF). Download it to learn more about this important area of health.

What is adenomyosis? What causes fibroids? What are the symptoms of ovarian cancer? What treatments are available for vulval irritation? What are the reasons to have a hysterectomy? The following pages discuss the answers to these questions including causes, signs, symptoms and diagnosis of adenomyosis, fibroids, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer and vulval irritation. Treatments available for these conditions and questions you can ask yourself and your doctor if you are worried about any of these issues are included.


Adenomyosis

Adenomyosis is a condition of the uterus (womb) where the cells that normally form a lining on the inside of the uterus, also grow in the muscle wall of the uterus. Causes, signs and symptoms of adenomyosis, along with how it is diagnosed and treated, are all discussed.

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Fibroids

Fibroids are non-cancerous growths or lumps of muscle tissue that form within the walls of the uterus (womb). Causes, signs and symptoms of fibroids along with how they are diagnosed and treated are discussed.

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Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is a cancer that develops in a woman's cervix. It is the second most common cancer experienced by women worldwide. The most common cause of cervical cancer is the human papilloma virus (HPV). Regular Pap smear tests are vital to check on changes to the cells in your cervix and alert you if there are any abnormal cells. Cervical cancer vaccines are now also available.

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Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is a cancer in one or both of the ovaries. It is important to know the signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer. These may include bloating, frequent urination (with no infection), back pain, heartburn, pain during intercourse and unexplained bleeding. Ovarian cancer is difficult to detect in the early stages. It usually starts as a painless lump on the ovary that gradually enlarges. As there is room for it to grow, it does not cause clear symptoms until it is quite large.

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Vulva & vaginal irritation

We have just released a new booklet for women – The vulva: irritation, diagnosis & treatment (PDF). Download it to learn more about this important area of health.

The vulva booklet: irritation, diagnosis & treatment

Vulva is the general name given to the external parts of the female genitals. All women have vaginal discharge or secretions which help to keep the vulva and vagina moist and remove bacteria and dead cells. If your vulva feels irritated, however, it is important to seek advice from your doctor as to what might be causing the irritation. Vulval irritation, vulvitis (inflammation) and vestibulitis (inflammation of the small glands at the entrance to the vagina) are common terms used to describe the irritation. There are many treatments available for vulva and vaginal irritation.

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Hysterectomy

A hysterectomy is an operation to remove the uterus (womb). There are many reasons for having a hysterectomy including cancer, heavy and continuous bleeding, endometriosis and severe pelvic pain. Except when there is cancer or uncontrollable life threatening bleeding, making the decision to have a hysterectomy can be difficult. We have provided information on what is involved in having a hysterectomy and questions you can ask yourself and your doctor if you are faced with this decision.

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Jean Hailes Vulval clinic
Vulval clinic

Do you have vulval symptoms such as itching, burning or a vulval lump?

Jean Hailes Medical Centre offers a dedicated vulval clinic with access to a range of vulval experts.

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